Nir J. Shaviv
Curriculum Vitae, October 2013
General Information
e-mail:
shaviv_nospam@phys.huji.ac.il (remove the _nospam!)
Address:
Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University Giv'at Ram, 
Jerusalem 91904, Israel
Fax:
+972-2-561 1519
Tel:
+972-2-658 5807
Office:
102 Kaplun Building
Birth:
Ithaca NY, 1972.

Current  and Previous Positions
2012- Full Professor, Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
2006-2012 Associate Professor, Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
2001-2006 Senior Lecturer, Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
1999-2001 Post doctoral fellow at CITA - The Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysicsi, University of Toronto
1996-1999  Lee DuBridge Prize Fellow at TAPIR - Theoretical Astrophysics Group, Caltech - California Institute of Technology
1993-1996 Teaching Assistant and Graduate Student at the Department of Physics, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
1990-1993 Military Service in the IDF and graduate student from 1992.


Education
1987-1990 Bachelor of Arts in Physics, Summa Cum Laude, at the Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel. (First in Class)
1992-1994 Master of Science in Physics, at the Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa Israel. Thesis: "Pattern Formation in Astrophysical Media". Advisor: Prof. Oded Regev
1994-1996  Doctor of Science, at the Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa Israel. Thesis: "The Origin of Gamma Ray Bursts". Advisor: Prof. Arnon Dar


Teaching
Experience
2005
Order of Magnitude Physics (Undergraduate Physics Majors)
2004, 2005 Classical Mechanics and Relativity (Freshman Physics)
2003, 2004
Electricity, Magnetism and Optics for Biology Majors
2002, 2003
Astrophysics & Cosmology (Undergraduate Physics Majors)
2003, 2003
"Workshop" for Etgar (honor) program (2nd year physics)


Honors, Prizes and Awards
1995 Excelling teaching assistant (given by the Technion)
1996 Persistent excelling teaching assistant.
1996 The Wolf Award for excellence in PhD studies. (nationally in Israel)
1996 Lee A. DuBridge Prize fellowship (Caltech)
2000 The Beatrice Tremaine Award (given by CITA)
2004
The Siegfried Samuel Wolf Lectureship in nuclear physics (HU)


Publications
In Refereed
Journals


See also:
ADS List
Citations
arXiv.org
SPIRES
Google Scholar
1.
C. Elphick, O. Regev, N. J. Shaviv,
“Dynamics of Fronts in Thermally Bistable Fluids”
,
The Astrophysical Journal, 392, 106, 1992   [ADS]
2.
N. J. Shaviv & G. Shaviv,
“The Mass Distribution in a Merger Model”
,
The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 412, L25, 1993    [ADS]
3.
V. Aharonson, O. Regev & N. J. Shaviv,
“Pattern Evolution in Thermally Bistable Media”
,
The Astrophysical Journal, 426, 621, 1994    [ADS]
4.
N. J. Shaviv & O. Regev,
“Interface Dynamics and Domain Growth in Thermally Bistable Fluids”
,
Physical Review E, 50, 2048, 1994    [ADS]
5.
N. J. Shaviv & A. Dar,
“Gamma Ray Bursts from Minijets”
,
The Astrophysical Journal, 447, 863, 1995
    [ADS]
6.
N. J. Shaviv & G. Shaviv,
“The Galaxy Mass Distribution in a Collapsing Spherical Cluster”
,
The Astrophysical Journal, 448, 514, 1995    [ADS]
7.
N. J. Shaviv & A. Dar ,
“Fireballs in Dense Stellar Regions as an Explanation of Gamma-Ray Bursts”
,
Mon. Not. of the Royal Astr. Soc., 277, 287, 1995    [ADS]
8.
A. Dar & N. J. Shaviv,
“The Extragalactic Neutrino Background Radiation from Blazars and Cosmic Rays”
,
Astroparticle Physics 4, 343, 1996
    [ADS]
9.
A. Dar & N. J. Shaviv,
“Origin of the High Energy Extragalactic Diffuse Gamma Ray Background”
,
Physical Review Lett., 75, 3052, 1995    [ADS]

A. Dar & N. J. Shaviv,
“Origin of the high Energy diffuse gamma-ray background - Reply”
,
Phys. Rev. Let. (Comments), 76, 3879, 1996
    [ADS]
10.
N. J. Shaviv & G. Shaviv,
“Thermonuclear Reaction Rates in Dense Astrophysical Plasmas: I”
,
The Astrophysical Journal, 468, 433, 1996
    [ADS]
11.
N. J. Shaviv,
“The Eddington Luminosity in Multiphased Media”
,
The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 494, 193, 1998
    [ADS]
12.
N. J. Shaviv,
“Can Nonlinear Structure Form at the Era of Decoupling?”
,
Mon. Not. of the Royal Astr. Soc., 297, 1245, 1998
    [ADS]
13.
A. Dar, A. Laor & N. J. Shaviv,
“Life extinctions by cosmic ray jets”
,
Physical Review Letters, 80, 5813, 1998
    [ADS]
14.
Adelberger et al. (including N. J. Shaviv ),
“Nuclear fusion cross-sections”
,
Reviews of Modern Physics, 70, 1265, 1998 (review)
    [ADS]
15.
N. J. Shaviv, J. S. & Y. Lithwick,
“Magnetic Lensing near Ultramagnetized Neutron Stars”,

Mon. Not. of the Roy. Ast. Soc., 306, 333, 1999
    [ADS]
16.
G. Shaviv & N. J. Shaviv,
“Is there a Dynamical Effect in the Screening of Nuclear Reactions in Stellar Plasmas?”
,
The Astrophysical Journal, 529, 1054, 2000
    [ADS]
17.
J. S. Heyl & N. J. Shaviv,
“Polarization evolution in strong magnetric fields”
,
Mon. Not. of the Roy. Ast. Soc., 311, 555, 2000
    [ADS]
18.
N. J. Shaviv,
“The Porous Atmosphere of η-Carinae”
,
The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 532, L137, 2000
    [ADS]
19.
N. J. Shaviv,
“The Nature of Instabilities in Radiatively supported Thomson Atmospheres”
,
The Astrophysical Journal, 549, 1093, 2001
    [ADS]
20.
N. J. Shaviv,
“The Theory of Steady State Super Eddington Winds and its Application to Novae”
,
Mon. Not. of the Roy. Ast. Soc., 326, 126, 2001
    [ADS]
21.
N. J. Shaviv & G. Shaviv,
“Dynamic Screening Corrections to the Nuclear Reactions in the Sun”
,
The Astrophysical Journal, 558, 925, 2001
    [ADS]
22.
J. S. Heyl & N. J. Shaviv,
“QED and the High Polarization of the Thermal Radiation from Neutron Stars”
,
Physical Review D, 66, 023002, 2002
    [ADS]
23.
N. J. Shaviv,
“Cosmic Ray Diffusion from the Galactic Spiral Arms, Iron Meteorites and a possible Climatic Connection”
,
Physical Review Letters, 89, 051102, 2002
    [ADS]
24. N. J. Shaviv,
“The Spiral Structure of the Milky Way, Cosmic-Rays and Ice-Age Epochs on Earth”
,
New Astronomy, 8, 39, 2003
    [ADS]
25.
N. J. Shaviv & G. Shaviv,
“The State of Be7 in the Core of the Sun and the Solar Neutrino Flux”
,
Mon. Not. Roy. Astr. Soc., 341, 119, 2003
    [ADS]
26.
J. S. Heyl, N. J. Shaviv & D. Lloyd,
“The High-Energy Polarization-Limiting Radius of Neutron Star Magnetospheres: I. Slowly Rotating Neutron Stars”
,
Mon. Not. Roy. Astr. Soc., 342, 134, 2003
    [ADS]
27.
N. J. Shaviv & J. Veizer,
“Celestial Driver of Phanerozoic Climate?”
,
GSA Today, 13, July, 4-10, 2003
    [GSA Site]

N. J. Shaviv & J. Veizer,
“Comments on ‘Cosmic rays, carbon dioxide and climate’ by Royer et al.”,
GSA Today, 14, 18, 2004. [pdf]

N. J. Shaviv & J. Veizer,
“Comments on ‘Cosmic rays, carbon dioxide and climate’ by Rahmstorf et al.”,
EOS Trans. AGU, 85, 511, 2004. [pdf]
28.
G. Shaviv, N. J. Shaviv,
“Why the Salpeter approximation is not valid in the Sun” ,
J. Physics A., 36, 6187, 2003 [ads]
29.
N. J. Shaviv,
“Toward a Solution to the Faint Sun Paradox – A Lower Cosmic Ray flux from a Stronger Solar Wind”
,
J. Geophys. Res.–Space Phys., 108 (A12), 1437, doi:10.1029 / 2003JA009997, 2003
    [ADS]
30.
S. P. Owocki, K. G. Gayley & N. J. Shaviv ,
“A Power Law Porosity Formalism for Continuum-Driven Mass Loss from Stars above the Eddington Limit”
,
The Astrophys. Journal, 616, 525, 2004
    [ADS]
31.
T. Piran & N. J. Shaviv,
“The Low Mass Progenitor of the Binary Pulsar J0737-3039B – Evidence for a New Type of Stellar Collapse”
,
Phys. Rev. Lett., 94, 051102, 2005
    [ADS]
32.
N. J. Shaviv,
“On Climate Response to Changes in the Cosmic Ray Flux and Radiative Budget”
,
J. Geophys. Res.–Space Phys., 110 (A8), A08105, doi:10.1029 / 2004JA010866, 2005
    [ADS]
33.
K. Scherer, H. Fichtner, T. Borrmann, J. Beer, L. Desorgher, E. Flükiger, H.-J. Fahr, S. E. S. Ferreira, U. W. Langner, M. S. Potgieter, B. Heber, J. Masarik, N. J. Shaviv, J. Veizer, “Interstellar-Terrestrial Relations: Variable Cosmic Environments, The Dynamic Heliosphere, and Their Imprints on Terrestrial Archives and Climate”, Sp. Sci. Rev., 127, 327–465, 2006.
34. S. Naoz & N. J. Shaviv,
Open Cluster Birth Analysis and Multiple Spiral Arm Sets in the Milky Way”,
New Astron., 12, 410, 2007. [ads] [pdf]
35.
A.-J. van Marle, S. P. Owocki, & N. J. Shaviv,
“Numerical Simulations of Continuum Driven Winds of Super-Eddington Stars”,
Mon. Not. of the Roy. Ast. Soc., 389, 1353-1359, 2008. [pdf]
36.
N. J. Shaviv,
“Using the Oceans as a Calorimeter to quantify the solar radiative forcing”,
J. Geophys. Res.–Space Phys., 113 (A11), A11101, doi:10.1029 / 2007JA012989, 2008. [pdf]
37.
A.-J. van Marle, S. P. Owocki, & N. J. Shaviv,
“On the behavior of stellar winds that exceed the photon-tiring limit”,
Mon. Not. of the Roy. Ast. Soc., 394, 595-604, 2009. [pdf]
38.
N. J. Shaviv, T. Piran & E. Nakar,
“Inhomogeneity in the Supernova Remnant Distribution as the Origin of the PAMELA Anomaly”,
Phys. Rev. Lett., 108, issue 11, id. 111302, doi:10.1103 / PhysRevLett.103.111302, 2009 [pdf]
39.
C. Dotan, E. M. Rossi & N. J. Shaviv,
“A Lower Limit on the Halo Mass to form Supermassive Black Holes”,
Mon. Not. of the Roy. Ast. Soc., 417, 3035, 2011 [pdf]
40.
N. J. Shaviv, R. Wehrse, & G. Shaviv,
“The maximal runaway temperature of Earth-like planets”,
Icarus, 216, 403, 2011 [pdf]
41.
C. Dotan, & N. J. Shaviv,
“Super-Eddington slim accretion discs with winds”,
Mon. Not. of the Roy. Ast. Soc., 413, 1623. [pdf]
42.
S. Ziskin, N. J. Shaviv,
“Quantifying the Role of Solar Radiative Forcing over the 20th Century”,
Advances in Space Research, 50, 762, 2011 [pdf]
43.
C. Dotan, & N. J. Shaviv,
“The Super-Eddington Nature of Super-Massive Stars”,
to appear in MNRAS [arXiv]
44.
T. Shacham, & N. J. Shaviv,
“On Continuum-driven Winds from Rotating Stars”,
Astrophys. J., 757, 191, 2012 [pdf]
45.
E. O. Ofek, M. Sullivan, S. B. Cenko, M. M. Kasliwal, A. Gal-Yam, S. R. Kulkarni, I. Arcavi, L.
Bildsten, J. Bloom, A. Howell, A. Filippenko, R. Laher, D. Levitan, E. Nakar, P. E. Nugent, B.
Sesar, J. Silverman, N. J. Shaviv4, J. Surace, O. Yaron, "An outburst from a SN progenitor one
month prior to explosion", Nature, 494 (7435):65-67 [arXiv]
46.
Ofer M. Springer & Nir J. Shaviv
"Asteroseismic effects in close binary stars"
Submitted to MNRAS [pdf]
47.
Irit Idan, Nir J. Shaviv, Giora Shaviv
"The Fate of a WD Accreting H-Rich Material at High Rates"
Submitted to MNRAS [arXiv] [pdf]
48. Simone Dall’Osso, Tsvi Piran, Nir J. Shaviv,
“Binary Pulsar J0737-3039 – Evidence for a new core collapse and neutron star formation mechanism”
to appear in MNRAS [arXiv]
49. David Benyamin, Ehud Nakar, Tsvi Piran, Nir J. Shaviv,
“Recovering the observed B/C ratio in a dynamic spiral-armed cosmic ray model,
to appear in ApJ [arXiv]
Chapters in Edited Books
50.
N. J. Shaviv, invited review chapter on“Long-term variations in the galactic environment of the Sun”, in "Solar Journey: The Significance of our Galactic Environment for the Heliosphere and Earth", Ed. Priscilla Frisch. (Springer, 2006)      [pdf]
51.
S. P. Owocki, & N. J. Shaviv, “Instabilty & Evolution Near the Eddington Limit”, in “Eta Carinae and the Supernova Impostors”, edited by K. Davidson & R. Humphreys, to be published by Springer (invited review chapter)      [ads] [pdf]
52.
N. J. Shaviv, Die Rolle der Sonne im Klimawandel des 20 Jahrhunderts, in “Die kalte Sonne”, edited by F. Vahrenholt & S. Lüning. Hoffmann und Campe Verlag, 2012. [translation]
53. G. Shaviv, S. Bressler, S., N. J. Shaviv, “The habitable zone and the generalized greenhouse effect” in “Habitability of other planets and satellites”, eds. de Vera & Seckbach, Springer, 2012
Conference Proceedings
1.
O. Regev & N. J. Shaviv, "Pattern Formation and Evolution in Astrophysical Fluids". Acta Physica Polonica, 1994, 25, 1005. (Presented at "The Sixth Symposium on Statistical Physics" Zakopane, Poland, Sept. 1993.
2.
N. J. Shaviv, "Inquisitive Correlations in the BATSE gamma-Ray Burst Data", in "The gamma-ray sky with COMTON GRO and SIGMA", eds. M. Signore et al., (Kluwer: Dordrecht), p. 395., 1995.
3.
N. J. Shaviv, "A GRB Model Satisfying Stringent Observational Constraints" in the proceedings of the ESA conference: "Towards the Source of Gamma Ray Bursts", Noordwijk, 1995: Astrophys. & Space Science, 231 (1-2) p. 445, 1995.
4.
N. J. Shaviv & Shaviv G., "The galaxy mass distribution from mergers in a collapsing spherical cluster", IAU SYMP (171) 444, 1996.
5.
N. J. Shaviv & Dar A, "Solution To The Gamma Ray Burst Mystery?", at the proceedings of VIIIth Rencontre De Blois, "Neutrinos and Dark Matter In The Universe'', June 6-12, 1996
6.
N.J. Shaviv & G. Shaviv, "Screening of Nuclear Reactions in Stars", in the proceedings of "White Dwarfs", ed. J. Isern, M.Hernanz & E.Garcia-Berro (Kluwer), 1996.
7.
Dar A., Laor A., & Shaviv N. J., "Life Extinctions By Cosmic Ray Bursts", in the Proceedings of the XXII Rencontre de Moriond, Les Arcs, France, 1997, and in "Results and Perspectives in ParticlePhysics" Proceedings of the 1997 Rencontre de la Valee d'Aosta, Italy, 1997.
8.
N.J. Shaviv & G. Shaviv, "How to calculate the Screening of Nuclear Reactions in Stars", Proc. "Strongly coupled Plasmas", ed. G.Kalman & M., Boston, 1997
9.
Shaviv N. J., "The Instability of Radiative Flows: From the Early Universe to the Eddington Luminosity Limit", Physics Reports 311, 177-185, 1999. (Proceedings of "Astrophysical fluids from atomic nuclei to stars and galaxies", Haifa, Israel, Jan 1998.
10. Shaviv G. & Shaviv N. J., "Is there a dynamic effect in the screening of nuclear reactions in stellar plasmas?" Physics Reports 311, 99-114, 1999. (Proceedings of "Astrophysical fluids from atomic nuclei to stars and galaxies", Haifa, Israel, Jan 1998.
11. Shaviv N. J., "Extremely Luminous Atmospheres", in the proceedings of "IAU Coll. 169: Variable and non-spherical stellar winds in luminous hot stars", Heidelberg, Germany, June 1998.
12.
Shaviv N. J. "Striking nonlinear mode coupling in the CMBR", in the proc. of "The 19th Texas Symp. on Relativistic Astrophysics", Paris, France, December 1998. [pdf]
13.
Heyl J. S., Shaviv N. J., Lithwick Y., "The Optics of Neutron-Star Magnetospheres", in the proceedings of the AAS HEAD Division Meeting 1999, Charleston, South Carolina, April 1999
14.
Shaviv G., Shaviv N. J. "The controversy over the electrostatic screening of nuclear reactions in stellar plasmas" (invited), in the proceedings of "Frontier Objects in Astrophysics and Particle Physics", Vulcano, Italy, June 2000.
15.
Shaviv G., Shaviv N. J. "Deriving the Electrostatic Screening of Nuclear Reactions from first Principles", in the proceedings of "Nuclei in the Cosmos", 2000, Arhus, Denmark, July 2000.
16.
Shaviv N. J. "The Winds of Super Eddington Atmospheres", in the proceedings the International Workshop on "Winds from Massive Stars", Îles de la Madeleine, Québec, Canada, July 2000   [pdf]
17.
Shaviv, N. J., Shaviv G., "Electrostatic Screening of Nuclear Reactions" (invited), In the proceedings of "Hot Points in Astrophysics", JINR, Dubna, Russia, August 2000.
18. Shaviv, N. J., “Super Eddington Atmospheres and their Winds” in Gansicke, B., Beuermann, K., Reinsch, K., eds., “The physics of cataclysmic variables and related objects”, Proceedings of conference, Goettingen, ASP Conference Series, 2001 [ADS, pdf]
19.
Heyl, J. S., Shaviv, N. J., “What Could Polarimetry tell us about Neutron Stars?” in “Two years of Science with Chandra”, Symposium held in Washington DC, September 2001  [ADS]
20.
Shaviv, N. J., “Classical Novae as Super Eddington Objects” in Hernanz, M., José, J., eds., “Classical Nova Explosions: International Conference on Classical Nova Explosions”, Proceedings of conference in Sitges, Spain, AIP 2002   [pdf]
21.
Shaviv, N. J., “Cosmic Rays Diffusion in the dynamic Milky Way: Model, Measurement and Terrestrial Effects” in the “International School of Cosmic Ray Astrophysics”, Erice, Italy, June 2002. (invited)   [pdf]
22.
N. J. Shaviv, “Climate Change and the Cosmic Ray Connection”, in “International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies – 30thsession”, Erice, Italy, August 2003. (Ed. R. Ragaini, World Scientific, 2004) (invited)
23.
N. J. Shaviv & G. Shaviv, “The state of Be7 in the solar core”, Leiden workshop on nuclear reactions, June 2004. (invited)
24.
N. J. Shaviv, “Exceeding the Eddington Limit”, in proceedings of “The fate of the most massive stars”, Grand Teton Natl. Park, May 2004. (invited)  [ADS, pdf]
25.
N. J. Shaviv, “The Cosmic Ray / Climate Connection”, to appear in Int. J. Mod. Phys.-A., in proceedings of “The 19th European Symposium on Cosmic Rays”, Florence, September 2004. (invited)
26.
S. Naoz & N. J. Shaviv, “The dynamics of the Sagitarius-Carina spiral arm” in the “International School of Cosmic Ray Astrophysics”, Erice, Italy, June 2004.
27.
N. J. Shaviv, “On the Link Between Cosmic Rays and Terrestrial Climate”, Int. J. Mod. Phys.-A., 20, 666, 2005. [ads]
28.
N. J. Shaviv, & G. Shaviv, "The state of beryllium in the Sun and the possibility of sterile neutrinos", in “Frontier Objects in Astrophysics and Particle Physics, Vulcano Workshop 2006”, Eds. F. Giovannelli & G. Mannocchi., p. 531 [ads]
29.
N. J. Shaviv, “Long-term cosmic ray exposure of Earth”, in the proceedings of “Heliophysics: The Sun, The Heliosphere and the Earth”, Bad Honnef, Germany, May 2007.
30.
A. J. van Marle, S. P. Owocki, N. J. Shaviv, “Continuum-Driven Winds from Super-Eddington Stars: A Tale of Two Limits”, in “FIRST STARS III Conference”, AIP Conference Proceedings, 990, 250-253 (2008). [ads]
31.
T. Piran, N. J. Shaviv & E. Nakar, “Inhomogeneity in the Supernova Remnant Distribution as a natural explanation of the PAMEALA/ATIC Observations”, In proceedings of Recontres de Moriond 2009 Very High Energy Phenomena in the Universe, Les Arcs, France, 2009. [pdf]
32.
N. J. Shaviv, & C. Dotan, “On the Appearance of Super-Eddington States in Various Astrophysical Systems”, in Memorie della Società Astronomica Italiana, Vol. 81, p. 350, 2010 [pdf]
33.
G. Shaviv, N. J. Shaviv, & R. Wehrse, “CO2 cools or heats?", in Memorie della Società Astronomica Italiana, Vol. 81, p. 494, 2010 [pdf]
34.
N. J. Shaviv, “The Climatic role of the Sun—How, how much, and what does it mean?”, in “2010 World Federation of Scientists International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies ” (World Scientific, 2011) [pdf]
35.
N. J. Shaviv, “The Role of the Solar Forcing in the 20th century climate change”, to appear in “2011 World Federation of Scientists International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies ” (World Scientific, 2012) [pdf]
36.
N. J. Shaviv, C. Dotan, “Classical Novae as Super-Eddington Steady States”, to appear in the proceedings of the “Palermo Workshop 2011: The Golden Age of Cataclysmic Variables and Related Objects”, ed. F. Giovannelli. [pdf]
37.
S. Bressler, N. J. Shaviv, G. Shaviv, “The Sensitivity of the Greenhouse Effect to Changes in the Concentration of Gases in Planetary Atmospheres”, ed. F. Giovannelli. [pdf]
38.
I. Idan, N. J. Shaviv, and G. Shaviv,  “The Fate of a WD Accreting H-Rich Mate- rial at High Rates”, in proceedings of “Nuclear Physics in Astrophysics V”, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 337, 012051 [ads]

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